Bulleid, Oliver Vaughan Snell

[br]
b. 19 September 1882 Invercargill, New Zealand
d. 25 April 1970 Malta
[br]
New Zealand (naturalized British) locomotive engineer noted for original experimental work in the 1940s and 1950s.
[br]
Bulleid's father died in 1889 and mother and son returned to the UK from New Zealand; Bulleid himself became a premium apprentice under H.A. Ivatt at Doncaster Works, Great Northern Railway (GNR). After working in France and for the Board of Trade, Bulleid returned to the GNR in 1912 as Personal Assistant to Chief Mechanical Engineer H.N. Gresley. After a break for war service, he returned as Assistant to Gresley on the latter's appointment as Chief Mechanical Engineer of the London \& North Eastern Railway in 1923. He was closely associated with Gresley during the late 1920s and early 1930s.
In 1937 Bulleid was appointed Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Southern Railway (SR). Concentration of resources on electrification had left the Southern short of up-to-date steam locomotives, which Bulleid proceeded to provide. His first design, the "Merchant Navy" class 4–6– 2, appeared in 1941 with chain-driven valve gear enclosed in an oil-bath, and other novel features. A powerful "austerity" 0−6−0 appeared in 1942, shorn of all inessentials to meet wartime conditions, and a mixed-traffic 4−6−2 in 1945. All were largely successful.
Under Bulleid's supervision, three large, mixed-traffic, electric locomotives were built for the Southern's 660 volt DC system and incorporated flywheel-driven generators to overcome the problem of interruptions in the live rail. Three main-line diesel-electric locomotives were completed after nationalization of the SR in 1948. All were carried on bogies, as was Bulleid's last steam locomotive design for the SR, the "Leader" class 0−6−6−0 originally intended to meet a requirement for a large, passenger tank locomotive. The first was completed after nationalization of the SR, but the project never went beyond trials. Marginally more successful was a double-deck, electric, suburban, multiple-unit train completed in 1949, with alternate high and low compartments to increase train capacity but not length. The main disadvantage was the slow entry and exit by passengers, and the type was not perpetuated, although the prototype train ran in service until 1971.
In 1951 Bulleid moved to Coras Iompair Éireann, the Irish national transport undertaking, as Chief Mechanical Engineer. There he initiated a large-scale plan for dieselization of the railway system in 1953, the first such plan in the British Isles. Simultaneously he developed, with limited success, a steam locomotive intended to burn peat briquettes: to burn peat, the only native fuel, had been a long-unfulfilled ambition of railway engineers in Ireland. Bulleid retired in 1958.
[br]
Bibliography
Bulleid took out six patents between 1941 and 1956, covering inter alia valve gear, boilers, brake apparatus and wagon underframes.
Further Reading
H.A.V.Bulleid, 1977, Bulleid of the Southern, Shepperton: Ian Allan (a good biography written by the subject's son).
C.Fryer, 1990, Experiments with Steam, Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens (provides details of the austerity 0–6–0, the "Leader" locomotive and the peat-burning locomotive: see Chs 19, 20 and 21 respectively).
PJGR

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oliver Bulleid — Oliver Vaughan Snell Bulleid (19 September 1882 25 April 1970) was a British railway and mechanical engineer best known as the Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) of the Southern Railway between 1937 and the 1948 nationalisation, developing many well …   Wikipedia

  • Oliver Bulleid — Oliver Vaughan Snell Bulleid (* 19. September 1882 in Invercargill; † 25. April 1970 auf Malta) war ein britischer Eisenbahn und Maschinenbauingenieur, der sich vor allem als Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) der Gesellschaft Southern Railway von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gresley, Sir Herbert Nigel — SUBJECT AREA: Land transport, Railways and locomotives [br] b. 19 June 1876 Edinburgh, Scotland d. 5 April 1941 Hertford, England [br] English mechanical engineer, designer of the A4 class 4–6–2 locomotive holding the world speed record for steam …   Biographical history of technology

  • Ivatt, Henry Alfred — SUBJECT AREA: Land transport, Railways and locomotives [br] b. 16 September 1851 Cambridgeshire, England d. 25 October 1923 Haywards Heath, Sussex, England [br] English locomotive engineer, noted for the introduction of 4–4–2 type locomotives to… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Land transport — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abt, Roman Ackermann, Rudolph Adams, William Bridges Albone, Daniel Allen, Horatio Aspinall, Sir John Audley Frederick Austin, Herbert Baldwin, Matthia …   Biographical history of technology

  • Railways and locomotives — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abt, Roman Adams, William Bridges Allen, Horatio Aspinall, Sir John Audley Frederick Baldwin, Matthias William Behr, Fritz Bernhard Beyer, Charles F …   Biographical history of technology

  • Chief Mechanical Engineer — and Locomotive Superintendent are titles applied by British, Australian, and New Zealand railway companies to the person ultimately responsible to the board of the company for the building and maintaining of the locomotives and rolling stock. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Southern Railway (Great Britain) — The Southern Railway (SR), was a British railway company established in the 1923 Grouping. It contained notable examples of civil engineering, linking London with the Channel ports, South West England and Kent. The railway was formed by the… …   Wikipedia

  • Institution of Mechanical Engineers — Founder George Stephenson Professional title Chartered Mechanical Engineer Founded 27 January 1847 (1847 01 27) …   Wikipedia

  • Dudley Gordon, 3rd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair — Lieutenant Colonel Dudley Gladstone Gordon, 3rd Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair DSO (6 May 1883 – 16 April 1972), styled Lord Dudley Gordon from 1916 to 1965, was a British peer, soldier, and industrialist. Aberdeen was the second son of John… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.